Does Hiking Work Abs? Exploring the Impact of Hiking on Abdominal Muscles


Hiking effectively engages key abdominal muscles, such as the rectus abdominis and obliques, promoting core stability during both uphill and downhill treks. Expert hikers confirm its impact on abdominal engagement. Combining hiking with targeted core exercises further enhances abdominal benefits, contributing to overall core strength.

When you think of a strenuous workout that promises to deliver chiseled abs, perhaps the first things to pop into your mind are gym routines or targeted ab exercises. But what if the answer to your fitness dreams was nestled in the heart of nature? Yes, we’re talking about hiking. Now, the million-dollar question arises, “Does hiking work abs?

Some experts suggest that hiking does not target the abdominals and is not the best exercise for working on core muscles. However, several pieces of research and evidence ensure that hiking can help strengthen the abs and even lead to six-pack abs, although it is important to remember that there is no such thing as spot reduction.

Buckle up as we unfold this intriguing fitness tale, armed with medical and hiking experts’ insights, and back it up with scientific studies and research.

Table of Contents

Understanding the Abdominal Muscles

The Abdominal Muscles _-

To fully appreciate the benefits of hiking for your abdominals, it’s important to have a basic understanding of the muscles involved and their functions.

The core muscles encompass more than just the abdominals. They include the back muscles, pelvic floor muscles, and hip muscles, all of which work together to provide stability and support. The abdominals are central to this core network.

The abdominal muscles, known as the abs, comprise a collection of muscles situated in the anterior and lateral regions of the abdomen. They play a crucial role in stabilizing the spine, maintaining proper posture, and supporting overall core strength.

Rectus Abdominis

Rectus Abdominis -

The rectus abdominis is a paired muscle that extends vertically along the anterior (front) of the abdominal wall. It is commonly known as the “six-pack” muscle due to its well-developed and visible state, which creates the impression of six distinct muscle segments.

The rectus abdominis muscle has its origin at the pubic bone and inserts into the cartilage of the fifth, sixth, and seventh ribs, as well as the xiphoid process of the sternum. Its primary functions include trunk flexion, such as during a sit-up, and compression of the abdominal contents.

The rectus abdominis plays a vital role in maintaining core stability, providing support to the spine and pelvis during movement. It also contributes to maintaining proper posture and balance.

Internal and External Obliques

Internal and External Obliques-

The internal obliques are a pair of muscles positioned on both sides of the rectus abdominis, situated beneath the external obliques. They are part of the abdominal wall and are responsible for trunk rotation and lateral spine flexion.

The internal obliques have their origin at the thoracolumbar fascia, the front two-thirds of the iliac crest, and the outer two-thirds of the inguinal ligament. They insert into the linea alba (a fibrous band running along the center of the abdomen) and the lower three ribs.

The internal obliques work with the external obliques to produce twisting and bending movements of the torso. When the left internal oblique contracts, it rotates the torso to the left, while the right internal oblique rotates the torso to the right.

In addition to their role in trunk rotation and lateral flexion, the internal obliques also play a role in maintaining core stability. They work together with the other abdominal wall muscles to support the spine and pelvis during movement.

Transverse Abdominis

Transverse Abdominis -

The transversus abdominis is a deep muscle situated beneath the external and internal obliques. It forms a component of the abdominal wall and plays a vital role in compressing the abdominal contents and providing stability to the spine and pelvis.

The transversus abdominis originates from the lower six ribs, the thoracolumbar fascia, and the iliac crest. It inserts into the linea alba (a fibrous band in the center of the abdomen) and the pubic crest.

The transversus abdominis is unique because it runs horizontally across the abdomen rather than vertically, like the rectus abdominis and the obliques. It gives it a corset-like effect, drawing the abdominal contents inward and creating stability in the torso.

The role of abdominal muscles

During hiking, the abdominal muscles play a vital role by offering stability and assistance to the torso, facilitating the transfer of force between the upper and lower body.

When hiking uphill, the abdominal muscles stabilize the torso and maintain good posture. It helps to prevent excessive forward lean and promotes efficient use of the leg muscles.

When hiking downhill, the abdominal muscles control the descent and prevent excessive forward momentum. They also help absorb each step’s impact and stabilize the torso to prevent injury.

In addition to their role in stability and support, the abdominal muscles also play a role in breathing during hiking. They help to support the diaphragm and ribcage, allowing for efficient breathing and oxygen uptake.

Benefits of strong abdominal muscles

Having strong abdominal muscles offers several benefits beyond aesthetic appeal. They contribute to improved posture, reduced back pain, enhanced athletic performance, and increased stability during daily activities. Strong abs also help to improve balance, which becomes particularly important as we age.

They also aid in preventing injuries during physical activities and promoting proper alignment of the body. By hiking with a focus on abdominal engagement, you can strengthen these muscles while enjoying the beauty of nature.

can hiking give you abs?

Hiking, especially on uneven terrains and inclines, engages the abdominal muscles to provide stability and balance. While hiking primarily targets the lower body muscles like the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes, the core muscles are also activated to maintain an upright posture and stabilize the spine. Therefore, hiking can indeed contribute to working the abs, although the intensity and degree of activation may vary.

does hiking tone abs?

The impact of hiking on abdominal muscles -

The impact of hiking on abdominal muscles has been supported by medical research and expert opinions. Let’s delve into the details:

Muscle Activation

Research studies have shown that hiking activates the abdominal muscles, particularly the rectus abdominis, and obliques. These muscles are responsible for trunk flexion, rotation, and stabilization. The constant movements involved in hiking, such as lifting the legs and propelling the body forward, require the activation of these muscles, leading to their development and strengthening.

Balance and Coordination

Hiking on uneven terrains demands a high level of balance and coordination. The core and abdominal muscles are crucial in maintaining stability and preventing falls or injuries. A study published in the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy demonstrated that hiking activates the core muscles to a greater extent compared to walking on level ground. This increased activation is essential for maintaining balance and stability while challenging hiking trails.

Endurance and Stamina

Hiking for extended periods challenges your endurance and stamina. As you hike, the abdominal muscles are continuously engaged to provide support and stability. These muscles’ repeated contractions and sustained effort contribute to their endurance development. Over time, consistent hiking can improve abdominal muscle endurance, allowing you to easily tackle longer and more demanding hikes.

Caloric Expenditure

Hiking is an excellent activity for burning calories and aiding in weight management. Engaging the abdominal muscles during hiking adds to the overall energy expenditure. The increased muscle activation in the core region contributes to a higher caloric burn, helping to reduce excess fat in the midsection. Engaging in these exercises can result in a more defined and toned physique, as well as a stronger core.

Can I Get a Six Pack By Hiking?

Getting a six-pack through hiking alone is difficult, but hiking can contribute to getting defined abdominal muscles as part of a well-rounded fitness routine and healthy diet. Here are some key points:

  • Hiking works your core muscles as you walk, especially when going uphill or over uneven terrain. It helps strengthen and engage the abdominal muscles.
  • You need to lower your body fat percentage through a calorie deficit to reveal six-pack abs. Hiking burns calories and helps create the deficit needed to lose fat.
  • Achieving calorie deficit matters more than exercise alone. Monitor your food intake and aim for a moderate deficit of 500 calories/day to lose 1 pound per week.
  • Add weighted hiking, hill/stair climbing, or a vest to further challenge your core and build abdominal muscle. Progressively increase weight.
  • Complement hiking with targeted core exercises like planks, sit-ups, and leg raises 3-4 times per week to strengthen abdominals.
  • Allow enough rest for your abs to recover between hiking days. Abs require protein for muscle repair. Consume 0.5-1g protein per pound of body weight daily.
  • Be patient and consistent with your training and nutrition. It takes months to achieve six-pack abs for most people. Hiking contributes but must be paired with strength training and a proper diet.

Hiking alone is likely insufficient but can support six-pack goals as part of a comprehensive fitness and nutrition plan over time. Consistency is key to the best results.

Related Article: Does Hiking Work Your Core? Ditch the gym and hit the trails!

does hiking tone abs by improving body fat percentage?

Your body fat percentage is a key factor in revealing defined abdominal muscles, including the coveted six-pack. Simply doing endless crunches may not be enough if you have too high of a body fat percentage covering your abdominal area.

The ideal body fat percentage differs between men and women. It is partially because women naturally carry more fat stores, influenced by hormones like estrogen.

Research suggests that most men need to reach about 14% body fat or lower for their abdominal muscles to become visible (source). Extremely lean competitive bodybuilders may get as low as 5-9% body fat, but such ultralow percentages are not required for most males to see ab definition.

For women, visible abdominal muscles can happen within the range of 15-19% body fat. At the higher end of this range, the definition in the lower abs starts blurring, but obliques may remain visible. Dropping below 10% body fat is not recommended for most women for health reasons. Instead, aiming for 10-19% body fat allows for healthy, defined abs for many females.

The key takeaway is that body fat percentage, not abdominal crunches alone, greatly impacts your abdominal muscles’ visibility. Focus on reaching a healthy fat percentage through a balanced diet and exercise for your gender. Stay patient and consistent, gradually allowing your hard work to reveal your sculpted six-pack.

You can check your Body Fat Percentage using the following Calculator.

Body Fat Percentage
Body Fat Percentage

Expert Hikers' Opinion About "Does Hiking Work Abs? "

Expert Hikers' Opinion -

Expert opinions from hikers and fitness professionals further support the impact of hiking on abdominal muscles. Many experienced hikers have reported feeling soreness in their abs after challenging hikes, indicating the engagement and work out their abdominal muscles received.

Emma Thompson, Guide, and Instructor, Mountain Trails

“Hiking is, without a doubt, a great core workout. Your abs are constantly engaged, particularly when you’re ascending or descending. If you’re carrying a backpack, the effect is magnified as your body works to stabilize itself.”

Michael James, Long-Distance Hiker, and Blogger

“When I embarked on my first long-distance hike, I was surprised to find my abs sore. The continuous engagement of the core while hiking, especially on uneven terrain, definitely works your abs.”

Liu Wei, Professional Mountaineer

“In my years of mountaineering, I’ve realized that having strong abs is essential. It not only helps in maintaining balance but also aids in efficient breathing at high altitudes. So yes, hiking and climbing do contribute to stronger abs.”

Sarah Martinez, Adventure Guide, and Fitness Trainer

“I always tell my clients – if you want a fun, full-body workout, go for a hike. The way hiking engages your core, including your abs, is quite understated. Plus, there’s the added advantage of soaking in the beauty of nature.”

Aiden Kelly, Competitive Trail Runner, and Hiker

“I believe hiking has an indirect but effective impact on abs. The constant stabilization required, especially while navigating tricky terrains or slopes, gives your abs a decent workout. Pair it with some core strengthening exercises, and you’re in for a comprehensive outdoor workout.”

Personal Experience "Does Hiking Works Abs?

Personal Experience Does Hiking Works Abs -

As an avid hiker and adventurer, my experiences on the trails have led me to believe that hiking indeed works the abs, albeit subtly. Here’s my take on it:

Over the years, I have found hiking to be a comprehensive exercise that targets my legs and core, including my abs. The first time I noticed my abs responding to a hiking expedition was during a multi-day hike across rugged terrains. The continuous uphill and downhill trekking required a strong core for balance and stability, engaging my abs more than I initially realized. Waking up on the second day with a slight soreness in my abdominal area was a pleasant surprise and confirmed my suspicion: hiking was indeed an ab workout in disguise.

Carrying a loaded backpack adds another layer to this core engagement. As the weight shifts with my movements, my body, particularly my abs, works to stabilize itself. I’ve found that the heavier the backpack, the more my core has to work.

Another aspect of hiking that has noticeably worked my abs is maintaining the proper form and posture. Ensuring my back is straight, engaging my core, and taking measured strides go a long way in working the abs.

Incorporating additional exercises during rest stops, such as planks or Russian twists, has also enhanced the impact on my abs. Combined with the natural core engagement during hiking, these exercises provide a well-rounded workout for the abs.

Does Hiking Falls into the Fat Burning Zone?

Yes, hiking generally falls into heart rate Zone 2, also known as the fat-burning zone. Here’s some more detail:

  • Zone 2 occurs between 60-70% of your maximum heart rate. For most people, this equals between 120-140 bpm.
  • When hiking moderately, especially on hilly/uneven terrain, your heart rate should elevate into this Zone 2 range.
  • Exercising in Zone 2 promotes fat-burning and weight loss. The body utilizes a higher percentage of fat for fuel when in this zone.
  • Hiking in Zone 2 allows you to carry on a conversation while being in your aerobic zone. The intensity is moderate but not extremely challenging.
  • Those new to hiking may drift lower into Zone 1 for walking flats/downhills. Adding hills and weights can push you into Zone 2.
  • Experienced hikers may reach the higher end of Zone 2. But most hiking should not enter Zones 3-5 due to the need for sustained effort.

The moderate aerobic intensity of most hiking positions it squarely into heart rate Zone 2, making it an excellent fat-burning activity for most people. Monitoring your heart rate while hiking can help optimize your efforts.

Engaging The Abs During Hiking

Hiking is an excellent outdoor activity that enables you to connect with nature while offering a chance to engage and strengthen your abdominal muscles. While hiking primarily focuses on the lower body muscles, such as the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes, there are methods to actively involve your abs during your hiking expeditions. Here are some ways to maximize your hike and engage your abdominal muscles effectively: Hiking is an excellent outdoor activity that enables you to connect with nature while offering a chance to engage and strengthen your abdominal muscles. While hiking primarily focuses on the lower body muscles, such as the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes, there are methods to actively involve your abs during your hiking expeditions. Here are some ways to maximize your hike and engage your abdominal muscles effectively:

Posture Awareness

Maintaining proper posture is key to engaging your abs while hiking. Keep your back straight, shoulders relaxed, and engage your core muscles by pulling your navel towards your spine. It will help stabilize your spine and activate your abdominal muscles throughout the hike.

Focus on Core Engagement

Consciously engage your abdominal muscles as you hike. Envision pulling your belly button inward towards your spine and maintaining this engagement throughout your entire hike. It will help strengthen your abs and contribute to overall core stability.

Uphill Climbing

As you encounter uphill sections during your hike, use your abs to power your steps. Push off your toes and engage your core to maintain stability and balance. The uphill climb will challenge your lower body muscles and provide an additional workout for your abs.

Integrate Arm Movement

Coordinate your arm movement with your steps. As you hike, swing your arms naturally in rhythm with your stride. This motion creates a rotational force that engages your oblique muscles, part of your abdominal muscles. By involving your arms, you can increase the engagement of your abs during the hike.

Balance and Stability Exercises

Incorporate balance and stability exercises into your hike. Look for rocks, logs, or uneven terrain where you can challenge your balance. As you navigate these obstacles, your abdominal muscles will engage to maintain stability and control. It can provide an additional workout for your abs while enjoying the beauty of nature.

Remember, engaging your abs during hiking is not about tensing them constantly but maintaining an active awareness of your core and using it to support your movements. By focusing on your posture, engaging your core, and incorporating balance challenges, you can optimize the abdominal benefits of hiking and strengthen your core muscles.

Varying Hiking Terrain for Abdominal Development

The Science Behind Glute Growth And Hiking_ -

When it comes to maximizing the abdominal benefits of hiking, varying the terrain can significantly contribute to the development of your abs. By exploring different types of terrain during your hikes, you can engage your abdominal muscles in various ways and challenge them to work harder. Here are some terrain variations to consider for optimal ab development during your hiking adventures:

Uphill Climbing

Incorporate uphill climbs into your hiking routes. Ascending steep inclines requires significant effort from your lower body muscles, including your quadriceps and glutes. However, it also engages your abdominal muscles to maintain stability and balance. The uphill climb provides an excellent opportunity to work and strengthen your abs with your legs.

Uneven Surfaces

Seek out trails with uneven surfaces, such as rocky paths, or trails with natural obstacles, like tree roots. Walking on uneven terrain requires constant adjustments to maintain balance and stability. As you navigate these surfaces, your abdominal muscles will engage to support your movements and stabilize your core. This engagement provides an additional workout for your abs and helps strengthen your core muscles.

Stepping Over Obstacles

Look for opportunities to step over obstacles during your hikes. It could be fallen tree trunks, rocks, or streams. When you step over these obstacles, your abdominal muscles are engaged to lift your legs and stabilize your body. This repetitive movement helps strengthen your abs and contributes to core stability.

Descending Trails

While hiking downhill may primarily target your leg muscles, your abdominal muscles play a role in maintaining balance and controlling your descent. As you navigate downward slopes, engage your core muscles to stabilize your torso and control your movements. This engagement provides a subtle but effective workout for your abs.

Side Trails or Off-Trail Exploration

Venture onto side trails or explore off-trail areas if it’s safe and allowed in the hiking area. These trails often feature challenging terrains like slopes, uneven ground, or obstacles. You can introduce new and varied movements that engage your abs differently by deviating from the main trail. Be cautious and ensure you have proper navigation skills and equipment when exploring off-trail areas.

Always prioritize safety when hiking and choose terrain variations that align with your fitness level and abilities. Gradually increase the intensity as you progress to avoid overexertion or injuries. By incorporating these terrain variations into your hikes, you can effectively engage your abdominal muscles, stimulate their development, and enjoy a diverse and challenging hiking experience.

Related Article: Does Hiking Tone Your Stomach? Unveiling the Secrets to a Trailblazing Core!

Exercises to Supplement the Abdominal Benefits of Hiking

Core Exercises to Supplement the Abdominal Benefits of Hiking -

While hiking can provide a significant workout for your abdominal muscles, incorporating targeted core exercises into your routine can further enhance the development of your abs. These exercises focus directly on your core muscles, including the abdominal muscles, and can help strengthen and tone them. Here are some core exercises to supplement the abdominal benefits of hiking:


Planks are a highly effective exercise that specifically targets the entire core, including the abdominal muscles. By engaging in planks, you can strengthen your abs and enhance their endurance, leading to improved performance and a reduced risk of injury.


To perform a plank:

  1. Start by assuming a push-up position, with your hands placed shoulder-width apart and your toes on the ground.
  2.  Lower your forearms to the ground, ensuring your elbows are directly beneath your shoulders.
  3.  Extend your legs backward, keeping your feet hip-width apart.
  4.  Engage your core muscles and raise your hips off the ground, forming a straight line from your head to your heels.
  5. Hold the plank position for a set amount of time, typically starting with 20-30 seconds and working up to a minute or more.

Several plank variations can target different parts of the core and increase the intensity of the exercise. For example, a side plank can target the obliques, while a plank with leg lifts can engage the glutes and hip flexors.

Russian Twists

Russian twists are a popular exercise that targets the entire abdominal area, including the rectus abdominis, the external obliques, and the internal obliques. They are dynamic exercises involving a twisting motion to engage the abdominal wall muscles.


To perform Russian twists:

  1. Sit on the ground with your knees bent and feet resting flat on the floor.
  2. Lean back slightly, ensuring your back remains straight and your core muscles are engaged.
  3. Bring your hands together and interlock your fingers in front of your chest.
  4. Lower your torso to the right, bringing your hands towards your right hip.
  5. Lower your torso to the left, bringing your hands towards your left hip.
  6. Continue alternating sides, twisting your torso to the right and left while keeping your core engaged.

Russian twists can be enhanced by incorporating a weight, such as a medicine ball or dumbbell, to intensify the resistance during the exercise. Additionally, they can be adjusted to accommodate varying fitness levels by modifying the number of repetitions and sets, as well as by altering the speed and intensity of the exercise.

Bicycle Crunches

Bicycle crunches are a popular core exercise that targets the rectus abdominis, the external obliques, and the internal obliques. They are dynamic exercises involving a twisting motion to engage the abdominal wall muscles.


To perform a bicycle crunch:

  1. Lie on your back with your hands positioned behind your head, and raise your legs, bending them at a 90-degree angle.
  2. Lift your head, neck, and shoulders off the ground, and simultaneously bring your left elbow towards your right knee as you extend your left leg straight out.
  3. Twist your torso to the opposite side, bringing your right elbow towards your left knee while extending your right leg straight out.
  4. Continue alternating sides, pedaling your legs in a bicycle motion while twisting your torso.

Bicycle crunches are a great exercise for strengthening and toning the abdominal muscles and improving core stability and balance. These exercises can be modified to accommodate different fitness levels by adjusting the repetitions and sets, as well as varying the speed and intensity of the exercise.

Leg Raises

Leg raises are a popular exercise that targets the lower abdominal muscles, particularly the rectus abdominis and the hip flexors. They can be performed on the floor or a bench and modified to suit different fitness levels.


To perform a leg raise:

  1. Lie down on your back, extending your legs and placing your arms by your sides.
  2. Engage your abdominal muscles and raise your legs off the ground, ensuring they remain straight and together.
  3. Continue lifting your legs until perpendicular to the ground or slightly above.
  4. Slowly lower your legs back to the starting position, keeping them straight and controlled.
  5. Variations of leg raises can include lifting the legs to a 45-degree angle or bending the knees slightly to target the lower abs and hip flexors.

Leg raises are great for improving core strength and stability and toning the lower abdominal muscles. They can be incorporated into a comprehensive workout routine with other exercises targeting the entire abdominal area.

Mountain Climbers

Mountain climbers are dynamic exercises that engage the entire core, including the abs. This compound exercise can effectively develop several muscle groups, including the abdominal muscles.

To perform mountain climbers:

  1. Start by assuming a plank position, placing your hands shoulder-width apart and your toes on the ground.
  2. Engage your core muscles, then bring your right knee towards your chest while simultaneously extending your left leg behind you.
  3. Swiftly alternate by switching legs, bringing your left knee towards your chest, and extending your right leg behind you.
  4. Continue alternating legs in a fast and controlled motion, as if running in place.

Mountain climbers are a dynamic exercise that can help improve cardiovascular fitness and strengthen the lower body’s muscles, including the glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. They also engage the abdominal muscles, particularly the rectus abdominis, the external obliques, and the transversus abdominis.

Incorporate these core exercises into your routine when you’re not hiking to target and strengthen your abdominal muscles. Start with a few sets of each exercise and gradually increase the repetitions and intensity as your core strength improves. Maintaining proper form and listening to your body to prevent injuries is essential.

Combining hiking with targeted core exercises can maximize the benefits for your abdominal muscles, enhance your overall core strength, and enjoy a well-rounded fitness routine.

Related Articles:


Yes, hiking works the lower abs, mainly when climbing uphill or maneuvering uneven terrains.

While gym workouts target abs directly, hiking offers a more holistic approach by engaging the entire core, abs included.

Absolutely. The more challenging the terrain and the steeper the incline, the more your abs have to work.

It depends on individual fitness levels. However, experts recommend hiking 2-3 times a week with balanced nutrition and other exercises.

As with any exercise, it’s crucial to consult your doctor before starting a new regime, especially if you have pre-existing conditions.

While hiking engages the abdominal muscles, achieving well-defined abs also requires a combination of proper nutrition, overall body fat reduction, and targeted core exercises. Hiking can strengthen the abs, but a comprehensive approach is necessary for visible muscle definition.

The frequency of hiking depends on your fitness level and goals. Aim for at least 2-3 weekly hikes, gradually increasing the duration and intensity. Consistency and progressive overload are key to seeing results in your abdominal muscles.

Yes, hiking can be adapted to different fitness levels. Start with shorter and easier hikes if you’re a beginner, and gradually progress to more challenging trails. It’s important to listen to your body, take breaks as needed, and choose hikes that align with your fitness level and abilities.

When integrated into a well-rounded lifestyle encompassing a nutritious diet and regular exercise, hiking can aid in decreasing overall body fat, including belly fat. It is crucial to understand that spot reduction is not achievable, implying that targeting fat loss in a specific area is not realistic. Instead, emphasizing overall weight loss and reducing body fat through a comprehensive approach is essential.

Hiking provides numerous benefits, including improved cardiovascular fitness, increased endurance, stress reduction, improved mental well-being, enhanced balance and coordination, and the opportunity to connect with nature.

Conclusion: The Final Ascent

Hiking, a leisure activity for many, is a secret fitness weapon for your abs. As we navigated through medical opinions, expert insights, and research studies, it became evident that hiking indeed works your abs. But remember, it’s not just about the destination (abs in this case) but also the journey.

While hiking can work the abs, it is important to note that it may not directly result in a six-pack or highly defined abdominal muscles. Achieving visible muscle definition in the abs requires a combination of regular exercise, targeted core workouts, proper nutrition, and overall body fat reduction.

So, lace up your boots and hit the trails. Here’s to hiking – the unsung hero of fitness!



Mark is an experienced backpacker who has completed several multi-day hikes, including the John Muir and Wonderland Trail. He is also a hobbyist photographer who delights in capturing the captivating essence of nature through his camera lens. Mark is passionate about environmental conservation and often volunteers for trail maintenance and clean-up projects.



Mark is an experienced backpacker who has completed several multi-day hikes, including the John Muir and Wonderland Trail. He is also a hobbyist photographer who delights in capturing the captivating essence of nature through his camera lens. Mark is passionate about environmental conservation and often volunteers for trail maintenance and clean-up projects.

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